See Article History Alternative Title: A favela typically comes into being when squatters occupy vacant land at the edge of a city and construct shanties of salvaged or stolen materials. Some have identified the origins of the favela in the Brazilian communities formed by impoverished former slaves in the late 19th century, but it was the great wave of migration from the countryside to the cities from the s to the s that was primarily responsible for the proliferation of favelas in Brazil.
Poor and confronted with exorbitant costs for scarce land and housing, those rural migrants had little choice but to become squatters. From to the number of people living in favelas in Rio de Janeiro alone increased from aboutto more than , and by the early 21st century it was estimated that there were as many as 1, favelas there.
There are a variety of theories regarding how and when the term favela was first applied to squatter communities. It seems likely that it was taken from the name of a plant Jatropha phyllacantha native to rural northeastern Brazil.
Favelas are located most often on the periphery of large cities. Some of the best-known favelas are those that cling to steep hillsides in Rio de Janeiro. Favela housing generally begins with makeshift structures fashioned from wood scraps and daub.
|Quick facts||See Article History Alternative Titles: Unlike Rio, both are located on flat interior plateaus.|
|Location, size, and extent - Brazil - located, area||Name of Brazil It is likely that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwooda tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.|
|Keep Exploring Britannica||Its main biome is the cerradothe tropical savanna in which natural grassland is partly covered with twisted shrubs and small trees. The cerrado was used for low-density cattle-raising in the past but is now also used for soybean production.|
|ADDITIONAL MEDIA||Its main biome is the cerradothe tropical savanna in which natural grassland is partly covered with twisted shrubs and small trees.|
Over time more-durable materials such as brick, cinder blocks, and sheet metal are incorporated. The lack of infrastructure gives rise to improvised and jerry-rigged plumbing and electrical wiring.
Often water must be ported great distances, and rudimentary methods of waste disposal pose health hazards. As a result of the crowding, unsanitary conditions, poor nutrition, and pollution, disease is rampant in the poorer favelas, and infant mortality rates are high.
Favela on a hillside on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Police presence is sporadic, and local militias have developed in response to the gangs—only to supplant them in some cases in exploiting the favelados, as the residents of the favelas are known.
An array of social and religious organizations have also developed in favelas, as have associations targeted at obtaining rights and services. Over the years the Brazilian government has taken a number of different approaches in dealing with favelas, from programs to eradicate the favelas to efforts to provide or improve infrastructure and permanent housing.
Favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.As well, the people of Brazil are refered to as Brazilian. The dialing code for the country is 55 and the top level internet domain for Brazilian sites arteensevilla.com Brazil shares land borders with 10 countries: Bolivia, Argentina, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru.
Rio de Janeiro, in full Cidade de São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, byname Rio, city and port, capital of the estado (state) of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean, in the southeastern part of the tropical zone of South America, and is widely recognized as one of the world’s most beautiful and interesting urban centres. Brazil has won the World Cup soccer finals five times, more than any other nation, and is hosting the tournament this year. NATURE Brazil has the greatest variety of animals of any country in the world. The city is geographically located at 22 degrees, 54 minutes south latitude and 43 degrees 12 minutes west longitude. Rio City is also the capital of the Rio de Janeiro state which lies in the south eastern region of Brazil. To the south of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean and .
Description: This map shows where Brazil is located on the World map. Brazil - Location, size, and extent Photo by: sfmthd Situated on the east-central coast of the continent, Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fourth-largest in the world in coterminous area, ranking after Russia, Canada, and China (the US is larger with Alaska, Hawaii, and the dependencies included).
As well, the people of Brazil are refered to as Brazilian.
The dialing code for the country is 55 and the top level internet domain for Brazilian sites arteensevilla.com Brazil shares land borders with 10 countries: Bolivia, Argentina, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru.
Brazil has won the World Cup soccer finals five times, more than any other nation, and is hosting the tournament this year.
NATURE Brazil has the greatest variety of animals of any country in the world. Brazil is located on the east coast of South America. Its eastern side borders the Atlantic Ocean.
It is south of Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname, southeast of Colombia, east of Bolivia and Peru, northeast of Argentina and Paraguay, and north of Uruguay.