Men and women are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in equal numbers. However, the main symptoms of the disorder may be different between the two genders.
Causes Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult. Previously known as manic depressionit is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic performance.
In some cases, it can lead to suicide. Diagnosis most commonly occurs between the ages of 15 and 25 years, but it can happen at any age. It affects males and females equally. Fast facts on bipolar disorder Here are some key points about bipolar disorder.
More detail is in the main article. Bipolar disorder is a serious condition that involves severe abnormalities in mood. The person experiences alternating bouts of mania or hypomania and depression, which may involve psychosis.
Episodes may last several weeks or months, with periods of stability in between. It can be managed with medication, but it may take some time to find the right dose and combination. What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder involves many mixed emotions. The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are alternating episodes of extreme euphoria, or mania, and major depression.
The fluctuations can be severe, but moods may be normal between the peaks and troughs. The mood swings involved in bipolar disorder are far more severe, debilitating, and incapacitating than those experienced by most people. Hallucinations and other symptoms may occur in some people.
With treatment, many people with the condition can work, study, and live a full and productive life. However, some people stop taking their medication or choose not to take it.
Some studies have shown that people with bipolar disorder may have enhanced creativity. However, mood swings can make it hard to sustain attention to projects or follow through with plans, resulting in the person having a lot of projects started, but nothing finished.
Symptoms Symptoms vary between people, and according to mood. Some people have clear mood swings, with symptoms of mania and then of depression each lasting for several months, or with months of stability between them.
Some spend months or years in a "high" or "low" mood. A "mixed state" is when a manic and a depressive episode happen at the same time. The person may feel negative, as with depression, but they may also feel "wired" and restless. Mania or hypomania Hypomania and mania refer to a "high" mood. Mania is the more severe form.
During a manic episode, a person may engage in risky behavior. A higher libido may lead to promiscuity. Depressive symptoms During a depressive episode, the person may experience: Psychosis can occur in both manic and depressive episodes. The person may be unable to differentiate between fantasy and reality.
They may believe during a "high" that they are famous, or have high-ranking social connections, or that they have special powers. During a depressive episode, they may believe they have committed a crime or that they are ruined and penniless.
Symptoms of psychosis may include delusions, which are false but strongly felt beliefs, and hallucinations, involving hearing or seeing things that are not there. Children and teenagers with bipolar disorder are more likely to have temper tantrums, rapid mood changes, outbursts of aggression, explosive anger, and reckless behavior.
These features must be episodic rather than chronic to receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. It is possible to manage all these symptoms with appropriate treatment. Diagnosis A psychiatrist or psychologist bases the diagnosis on criteria set out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fifth edition DSM The person must meet certain criteria for mania and depression, including an elevated or irritable mood and "persistently increased activity or energy levels.
Other healthcare professionals may have detected secondary signs of the condition. The doctor may carry out a physical examination and some diagnostic tests, including blood and urine tests. This can help to eliminate other possible causes of symptoms, such as substance abuse.
Other conditions that may occur with bipolar disorder are:Experts believe bipolar disorder is partly caused by an underlying problem with specific brain circuits and the functioning of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Three brain chemicals.
This brochure describes the signs and symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options for bipolar disorder (also known as manic-depressive illness), a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.
Bipolar I disorder (pronounced "bipolar one" and also known as manic-depressive disorder or manic depression) is a form of mental illness. A person affected by bipolar I disorder has had at least one manic episode in his or her life.
Bipolar Disorder – Article on the symptoms, causes, and treatment of bipolar disorder, or manic depression. (National Institute of Mental Health) (National Institute of Mental Health) Treatment of Bipolar Disorder: A Guide for Patients and Families (PDF) – Gives a helpful overview of the signs, symptoms, causes, and treatment of bipolar.
Extreme fluctuations in mood and energy levels are the hallmark signs of bipolar disorder, a form of mental illness that causes severe psychological instability.
The doctor must rule out disorders that are not associated with bipolar disorder, such as schizophrenia, delusional disorder, and other psychotic disorders. Bipolar II Disorder For a diagnosis of bipolar II, the patient must have experienced one or more episodes of depression and at least one hypomanic episode.