The following day, the Japanese continued their aggressive military strategy in the Pacific, targeting American and European holdings in Southeast Asia.
Cultural life Cultural milieu Philippine society is a unique blend of diversity and homogeneity. Although geographically part of Southeast Asiathe country is culturally strongly Euro-American. Forces of assimilation have constantly worked to overcome cultural differences between the various ethnic groups that are scattered—sometimes in relative isolation—throughout the archipelago.
Nearly four centuries of Western rule, however, have left an indelible imprint on the Philippines, serving as a conduit for the introduction of Western culture and as the catalyst for the emergence of a sense of Philippine political and cultural unity.
While the Christian churches built by the Spanish and the mosques built by the Muslims provided a spiritual anchor, the educational system established by Socio cultural forces in the philippines United States and expanded by the Filipinos has become emblematic of cultural unity and socioeconomic progress.
Nonetheless, through the persistence of strong family ties, the revival of the barangay as the smallest unit of government, increased attention to Asian history and literature, and subsequent revival of dormant traditions, the Philippines has strengthened its Asian heritage without abandoning its Western cultural acquisitions.
Daily life and social customs Life in the Philippines generally revolves around the extended familyincluding parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins up to several times removedand other relatives. For Catholic families, godparents—those to whom care of children is entrusted should the parents die or otherwise be incapacitated—also figure prominently in the kinship network.
Members of extended families typically gather for major life events such as baptisms and confirmations for Catholic Filipinoscircumcisions for Muslim Filipinosand marriages, as well as for major religious and other national holidays. Among the religious holidays officially observed in the Philippines are Christmas and Easter, as well as Eid al-Fitrwhich marks the end of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
Whether festival fare or everyday food, major meals in most Filipino societies are built around boiled or steamed rice or rice noodles.
Small amounts of meat, including chicken, pork in non-Muslim communitiesgoat, or fish complement the rice or noodle core, along with an assortment of fruits and cooked vegetables.
Assorted alcoholic drinks are made from coconut sap, sugarcane, and rice.
Balut, a parboiled embryonic duck still in the egg, is a popular street food in the Manila area. Although slacks, shirts, skirts, and dresses based on European designs are common throughout the Philippines, some garments are unique to particular groups or regions. The malong, a colourful woven tube of cloth that can be worn in a variety of ways by both men and women, is characteristic of Muslim communities in Mindanao.
In the urban areas, many men wear an intricately embroidered shirt, the barong, for casual and formal events.
Many of the smaller ethnic groups have characteristic attire for events of special cultural significance. The arts Early Spanish chroniclers testified that the Filipinos carved the images of their anitos gods and goddesses and ancestors in wood. Various seasonal celebrations e. For instance, in some of the Muslim communities of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelagothe kulintang ensemble, consisting of a set of gongs suspended horizontally and vertically and a single-headed drum, can still be heard at festive events.
Although the community of practitioners of rural performing arts has been diminishing, efforts have been under way to revive as well as recontextualize some of the indigenous traditions so that they resonate with an increasingly cosmopolitan Philippine society.
Some of the local dance traditions have been preserved or reinterpreted by contemporary performing groups such as Bayanihan the national folk dance company of the Philippinesestablished in the midth century, as well as by the Ramon Obusan Folkloric Group and Ballet Philippines.
A growing number of world music artists, such as Joey Ayala, have been creating innovative syntheses of indigenous Philippine traditions—such as kulintang—and popular music form. Many Filipino musicians have risen to prominence in the Western classical music tradition, including the composer and conductor Antonio J.
Molina, the composer Felipe P. The Cultural Center of the Philippines, the Folk Arts Theater, and the restored Manila Metropolitan Theatre all in Manila provide homes for the performing arts, featuring local and foreign opera and ballet.
Filipino painters have included Juan Luna, whose agitated works helped inspire a sense of Filipino nationalism in the late 19th century; Fernando Amorsolo, who is known for his traditional rural scenes; the muralists Carlos V.
Among sculptors, Guillermo Tolentino and Napoleon Abueva are prominent. Rural artists from mountainous regions in northern Luzon and craftsmen living northwest of Manila and in Paete on the eastern shore of Laguna de Bay are known for wood carvings.
Romblon and other nearby islands are noted for their marble sculptures. Notable Filipino architects include Juan F. An Essay on History as Three Generations Spanish was the prinicipal literary medium until the end of the 19th century, before yielding to English after U.
Since independence an increasing number of writers have been composing their works in Filipino or Tagalog. Library of Congress, Washington, D. Myths and legends deal with such subjects as the origin of the world, the first man and woman on earth, why the sky is high, why the sea is salty, and why there are different races.
Other tales are associated with the Spanish conquest.Feb 11, · Sociocultural factors are customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or group. Cultural aspects include concepts of beauty, education, language, law and politics, religion, social organizations, technology and material culture, values and attitudes.
Presentation analyzes philippines from socio-cultural aspects including various models like Hall's Model, Geert Hofstede's model, Lewis Model etc.
Sociocultural factors are customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or group. Cultural aspects include concepts of beauty, education, language, law and politics, religion, social organizations, technology and material culture, values and attitudes.
This site aims to provide general information on the Philippines, its relations with the Republic of Korea, and the services that the Philippine Embassy offers. We have useful links on consular, labor, trade and tourism matters, as well as a section on Frequently Asked Questions.
Downloadable forms are . The UP Pagkalinga sa Kalusugan ng Mamamayan is the socio-civic arm of the Phi Kappa Mu Fraternity and the Phi Lambda Delta Sorority. It was created in , spearheaded by then Vice Superior Exemplar Bill Romero to answer a desire to reach out and deliver health services for .