Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs Fact Sheet July 17, More information about Thailand is available on the Thailand Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. An interim military government has ruled Thailand, a constitutional monarchy, since a May military coup which deposed an elected civilian government. The United States has urged the restoration of elected civilian government and return to democracy through elections.
Wikinews has related news: Thai snap-election set for April 2, In the January electionstelecommunications multimillionaire Thaksin Shinawatrawho had relations with the s junta, and his Thai Rak Thai Party TRT won an overwhelming victory on a populist platform of economic growth and development.
Thaksin also marginally escaped 8: A decade later, a Supreme Court ruling in another case accepted the possibility of bribery in the Constitutional Court case. After absorbing several smaller parties, TRT gained an absolute majority in the lower house of parliament, controlling of seats.
In a cabinet reshuffle of Octoberthe Thaksin administration further put its stamp on the government. A package of bureaucratic reform legislation created six new ministries in an effort to streamline the bureaucratic process and increase efficiency and accountability.
Thaksin introduced government programs which greatly benefited rural areas of the country. Thaksin understood our situation and helped us. More complex and high-level corruption and conspiracies were discovered and exposed by Sonthi Limthongkul, Manager Media Group owner, who Political development of thailand the middle class in the capital and the cities through the only small satellite and internet media channel, ASTV.
PAD gathered in Bangkok and demanded that Thaksin resign as prime minister so that the king could directly appoint someone else. Thaksin refused and protests continued for weeks. Thaksin consequently dissolved parliament on 24 February and called a snap election for 2 April The election was boycotted by the opposition parties, leading to unopposed TRT candidates for 38 seats failing to obtain the necessary quorum of 20 per cent of eligible votes.
As the Thai constitution requires all seats to be filled from the beginning of parliamentthis produced a constitutional crisis. After floating several suggestions on 4 AprilThaksin announced that he would step down as prime minister as soon as parliament had selected a successor.
In a televised speech to senior judges, King Bhumibol requested that they execute their duty justly. Criminal charges and allegations of administrative abuse cases were brought against the Election Committee. The courts voided the election results, jailed the committee for abuse of power, and ordered a new round of elections for 15 October Thaksin continued to work as caretaker prime minister.
However, the most severe critic of Thaksin seemed to be Sondhi Limthongkul, a media tycoon and former colleague. This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Main article: Just in time to prevent the clash, the military seized power on 19 September Political activities were banned by the junta after the coup on 19 September The Constitution was abrogated, although most of the institutions of government remained intact.
A new constitution was drafted and promulgated in late A month after the coup, an interim civilian government was formed, including an appointed House of Representatives from a variety of professions and an appointed Constitutional Court.
Freedom of speech was restored. A national referendum for the constitution was called by the military and the constitution was accepted by the majority of the voters.
The junta promised a democratic general election, which was finally held on 23 December16 months after the coup. The Constitutional Court unanimously dissolved the populist Thai Rak Thai Party following punishment according to the constitution, banning TRT members from politics for five years.
This constitution was particularly designed to increase control of corruption and of conflicts of interests of politicians while decreasing the previously strengthened authority of the government. Moreover, inone of its leading members was charged with electoral fraud. The Election Committee also proposed that the PPP should be dissolved due to the violation of the constitution.
Red shirts, yellow shirts[ edit ] The so-called " Red Shirts " got their start as supporters of deposed former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
In general, red shirts see attempts by the urban and military elite to control Thai politics as a threat to democracy. They were the force behind the street protests that led to the coup. The yellow shirts are a loose grouping of royalists, ultra-nationalists, and the urban middle class opposed to Thaksin and overarching democratic rule by a rural majority.
The conflict centred on the constitution. The PPP supported the amendment of the constitution, while anti-government protesters considered it to be a political amnesty for Thaksin and his followers. The anti-government protesters were, said, mostly better educated, more affluent, urban Thais criticizing a Western-style electoral system corrupted by rich politicians.His statement included the following phrases—often quoted by critics of the slow pace of Siam's political development: “ They, in turn, viewed Seni as an elitist who was entirely out of touch with Thailand's political realities.
Pridi continued to wield power behind the scenes as he had done during the Khuang government. The regent's. It is regrettable that many critics in Europe have often overlooked the full context of the Thai political situation.
Hence, I must urge our friends to at least recognise the progress Thailand has made – and intend to make – on journey to a strengthened and durable democracy for the Thai people. Sta. Sep 13, · US ambassador sees positive political development in Thailand Out-going US Ambassador Glyn T Davis said today that he sees a positive future for Thailand which he hopes will be a strong, independent, free and prosperous country.
'The Political Development of Modern Thailand is a brilliant accomplishment. Its depth and erudition, its historical perspective and interpretive vigor, its closely argued analysis and attention to the disciplinary concerns of comparative politics, its intellectual unity, and, yes, even the quality of its writing make it a monument of scholarship.'Reviews: 1.
Thailand is one of the great development success stories.
Due to smart economic policies it has become an upper middle income economy and is making progress towards meeting the . His statement included the following phrases—often quoted by critics of the slow pace of Siam's political development: “ The political environment of Thailand changed little during the mids.
Thanom and his chief deputy Praphas maintained a tight grip on power.