Or make music, or play football, or anything else for that matter.
Bob Kizlik Updated January 9, Civilization is built on several fundamental principles, but perhaps one of the least understood or valued is that of accountability. In this age of widespread democracy, accountability is taken to mean a variety of things, and is a major focus of recent education reform efforts being made at national and state levels.
One constant in any system of accountability is that to be meaningful, it requires measureable results based on agreed-upon goals and objectives. Well-stated, clear objectives are fundamental to all professional teaching and measures taken to hold teachers accountable for what their students learn.
It also means, in my opinion, that the employers of teachers are also accountable for providing the necessary professional resources to the teachers for them to carry out their professional instructional duties. Anything short of that is simply dishonest. The information on this section of the site is updated as conditions warrant.
First of all, I invite you at this point to check out my program entitled "Catalyst: Tools for Effective Teaching 2. It also includes modules on lesson planning, classroom management, teaching methods, and much more.
Please see more information at: That said, objectives that are used in education, whether they are called learning objectives, behavioral objectives, instructional objectives, or performance objectives are terms that refer to descriptions of observable student behavior or performance that are used to make inferences about learning - certainly the ultimate aim of all teaching.
At some point, almost every teacher, especially new teachers and teacher education students, must learn to write these types of objectives. Here, such objectives are referred to as learning objectives. Acquiring this skill is something of a rite of passage in the process of becoming a teacher, yet it is a skill that requires practice, feedback, and experience.
Over the past 30 years or so, the emphasis on, and attention paid to learning objectives has waxed and waned as different ideas change about how best to express instructional intent. To clarify a bit, I have included a rationale for developing and using learning objectives that meet demanding behavioral criteria.
It provides in-depth information that you might find helpful.
Any skill is learned more effectively if the learner understands the reason for learning and practicing it. Developing this skill in relation composing learning objectives is no exception. Learning objectives are about curriculumnot instruction.
They are concerned with ends, and not necessarily means. This is a key point. Many tend to confuse learning objectives with objectives a teacher may have that relate to student conduct or behavior in a classroom.
Properly constructed behavioral learning objectives are about the evidence of learning; they specify what behavior a student must demonstrate or perform in order for a teacher to infer that learning took place.
Since learning cannot be seen directly, teachers must make inferences about learning from evidence they can see and measure. Learning objectives, if constructed properly, provide an ideal vehicle for making those inferences. The purpose of a learning objective is to communicate. Therefore, a well-constructed behavioral learning objective should leave little room for doubt about what is intended.
A well constructed learning objective describes an intended learning outcome and contains three parts, each of which alone means nothing, but when combined into a sentence or two, communicates the conditions under which the behavior is performed, a verb that describes the behavior itself, and the degree criteria to which a student must perform the behavior.
If any one of these three components is missing, the objective cannot communicate accurately. Therefore, the parts of a learning objective are: Conditions a statement that describes the conditions under which the behavior is to be performed 2.
Behavioral Verb an action word that connotes an observable student behavior 3. Criteria a statement that specifies how well the student must perform the behavior.
A learning objective is the focal point of a lesson plan. It is a description of an intended learning outcome and is the basis for the rest of the lesson.
It provides criteria for constructing an assessment for the lesson, as well as for the instructional procedures the teacher designs to implement the lesson. A learning objective determines the criteria for any assessment rubric.
As you will see, without a learning objective that clearly communicates specific student behavior or performance, it is difficult, if not impossible to determine exactly what a particular lesson is supposed to accomplish. In order to write learning objectives, one should begin with an understanding of the particular content to which the objectives will relate.
Understanding in more than one way the content to be learned should be a goal of teachers as well as students.
This implies that teachers or others who prepare objectives as part of lesson plans or curriculum documents and guides should have more than superficial knowledge of the appropriate content.
Writing a series of objectives that are within a body of content, but which have neither internal nor external consistency with that body of content is not a productive use of time. However, the purpose of this is not to delve into the area of curriculum consistency, but rather present some pointers to help the reader write better objectives.Given a thesis statement in class, the student will write 3 topic sentences for A good learning objective states what a student will know or be able to do at the end of instruction.
EXAMPLE Given a list of chemical compounds, the student will select 1 . It's bad writing. It's always been bad writing. With the Common Core Standards designed to shift the way we teach students to think, read, and write, this outdated writing tradition must end.
If. National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment | 3 Abstract As colleges educate a more diverse and global student population, there is increased need to ensure every student. Learning Cocoa with Objective-C: Developing for the Mac and iOS App Stores [Paris Buttfield-Addison, Jonathon Manning, Tim Nugent] on arteensevilla.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Get up to speed on Cocoa and Objective-C, and start developing applications on the iOS and OS X platforms. If you don’t have experience with Apple’s developer tools. It’s time once again to review those nasty errors that damage our credibility when we write.
Not normally a fun task, but absolutely necessary. I promise to keep you amused to diminish the pain (or at least I’ll give it a shot). As with the last time we explored grammatical errors, I feel. About • Privacy • Help • Contact; The Starfall Website is a program service of Starfall Education Foundation, a publicly supported nonprofit organization, (c.