Ashmore is a proper country village, where horsepower is defined by muscle-tone, not muscle cars Sir Frederick Treves only mentions Ashmore literally in passing; excited as he was to go to Farnham to see the Pitt-Rivers museum, he merely described it as a route marker on that journey from Shaftesbury in his Highways and Byways of Dorset.
Washing machines, dishwashers, vacuums, automobiles and numerous other machines are more or less givens as accessories to contemporary life. Of course, some people do not possess these accouterments, but, most can be rented or used at commercial facilities.
Whether they are owned or let, the power to operate these various machines is obligingly available. At the end of the 20th century, these types of machines and the power to run them have become integral parts of modern life. So entwined have mechanical devices become with modern life that the not so distant past, before they were established as necessary adjuncts to it, is often viewed with nostalgia and gratitude for the lessons learned during the preceding centuries of Home appliances essay.
In a Darwinian view of the history of household technology it is easy to accept that today's home has naturally benefitted form the progress of science and technology. However, if the interest were the Home appliances essay of conjunction between the home, technology and readily available energy, it would be found in the s.
On the corners of this s intersection between the home, technology and readily available energy stand the housewife, domestic servants and household appliances.
As technology produced more opportunities for women in industry and business, less were willing to spend long hours working for low wages as domestic servants.
Middle-class housewives, whose budgets could not accommodate the increase in the cost of domestic help, would be more likely to purchase appliances to ease their own workload than wealthy woman who would probably purchase appliances for their servants to use.
Numerous manually operated appliances were marketed before the s, but, the rapid electrification of urban areas during that decade 3 was complimented by increases in the types and availability of electric appliances which were much easier to use than the manual models. To persuade housewives that their products would cleanly, safely, and efficiently decrease housework electric companies and appliance manufacturers utilized articles, expositions, women's magazines and advertisements as tools of propaganda.
For example, in the second half of the s the Electrical Development Association EDAan English organization, began to heavily promote the development of the British domestic market 6 through a variety of advertisements emphasizing the rewards reaped by housewives who used electricity.
One ad featured a fashionably dressed woman leaving to play golf during the day because, as the caption insists, she was 'no longer tied down by housework' since she 'spring cleans with electricity' which was readily available 'at the flip of a switch.
In an earlier ad from the American Corporation General Electric, the The Lamp that Lights the Way to Lighter Housework featuring the Edison Mazda lamp, electricity was promoted as a way for the housewife to carry out her duties, such as washing, ironing, toasting and vacuuming, in a well lit environment with the aid of her agreeable and competent electric servants.
This was another argument posed to increase the appeal of electricity to housewives. For example, a EDA poster was carefully composed to communicate this exact message. Bright white and rising triumphantly in the center of a dense black background is an athletic figure holding a globe in its raised right hand.
Looping from the bottom of the globe and held up by the figure's left hand is a 'cord' that curves down to a power station within a white silhouetted skyline extending across the width of the poster.
Dramatically positioned under the skyline in commanding white text is the caption that boldly advises: The use of coal, which must be carefully tended and emits a grimy soot when burned, was limited to fireplaces and stoves.
The heavily polluted skies of 19th century cities are legendary, but rarely are the thick air and sooty surfaces of homes heated with coal addressed. But, coal gas, which is made from carbonized coal, had an unpleasant odor and was somewhat unsafe. If a gas appliance was not completely turned off, or, if a pilot light went out, the resulting build-up of gas could lead to an explosion.
Furthermore, the exposed flame of a gas light could start a fire. Electricity, on the other hand was espoused as clean, invisible, odorless, flexible and tireless. At any time one simply flips a switch or inserts a plug to have an unlimited and convenient source of energy.
The primary disadvantage to the use of electricity is the availability of outlets. This is, however, a potentially easy problem to remedy. In the s magazines such as Building Age and Electrical World featured articles concerned with ways to include the optimal number outlets in a house to provide the housewife with ample opportunities to use appliances.
Electricity was unlike coal which both required constant tending and produced soot and in preference to gas which was less safe. Praise and promise were heaped upon electricity, electric appliances and their capacity to improve the lot of the housewife.
Emil Rathenau, a German industrialist who was a leader in the development of the electrical industry in Europe, thought that electric light would be like a little man, a helper of the housewife. Rathenau also advocated that the use of electricity would help to bring housewife out of the hidden darkness of the household.Seven decades later American women averaged 4 hours of housework a day, only a moderate decline since , accompanying the movement of large numbers of women into the workforce.
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|Household Appliances Timeline - Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century||Household Appliances History Part 1 - Cooking Seven decades later American women averaged 4 hours of housework a day, only a moderate decline sinceaccompanying the movement of large numbers of women into the workforce.|
|The greatest college application essay ever - Blake Snow||Hugh Gallagher won first prize in the humor category of the Scholastic Writing Awards for the following essay. He allegedly used it to get into NYU and graduated from the university in|
|Household Appliances in the s||Then two major engineering innovations—resistance heating and small, efficient motors—led to electric stoves and irons, vacuum cleaners, washers, dryers, and dishwashers. In the second half of the century advances in electronics yielded appliances that could be set on timers and even programmed, further reducing the domestic workload by allowing washing and cooking to go on without the presence of the human launderer or cook.|
On today's homefront very little thought is given to throwing a load of laundry into the machine, stacking the dishes into the dishwasher and quickly running the vacuum before jumping into the car for a quick trip to the store to pick up dinner. The two roots of Ashmore’s name are Old English – the pond (or mere) where the ash trees grow, and the village is certainly defined by its pond, around which this small village on the Wiltshire border is .
The greatest college application essay ever. Here’s an oldie but goodie. Hugh Gallagher won first prize in the humor category of the Scholastic Writing Awards for the following essay.
This is supposedly an actual essay written by an extremely creative college applicant to NYU.
The author was accepted and is reportedly now attending NYU. Heilker's main thesis is that the "Essay" is a lost writing art form in composition courses today. Composition teachers are wrapped up in teaching their students the thesis/support form of writing, that they completely leave out the "Essay.".