Several studies have been conducted in developing countries to develop simpler and less expensive antiretroviral regimens to reduce perinatal transmission. Three studies—one in Thailand and two in the Ivory Coast—were conducted to look at shorter courses of ZDV 1578 Both of the studies in the Ivory Coast were of mothers who primarily breast-fed their infants 15
Medically, it is the appearance of a serious, often fatal, disease in numbers far greater than normal. Socially, it is an event that disrupts the life of a community and causes uncertainty, fear, blame, and flight.
The etymology of the word itself suggests the broader, social meaning: The medical meaning of the epidemic has been revealed in the sobering numbers reported in epidemiologic studies.
It is estimated that 1 million people are currently infected with the human immunodeficiency virus HIVwhich causes AIDS Centers for Disease Control,but this number is very uncertain see Technical Note at the end of this chapter. Behind the epidemiologic reports and the statistical estimates lies the social disruption of the epidemic: The National Academies Press.
And behind the individual lives are the manifold ways in which a variety of institutions and practices have been affected by the epidemic. In the course of preparing those reports, the committee noted that many of the social consequences of the epidemic were not being studied in any systematic way.
Thus, in the committee established the Panel on Monitoring the Social Impact of the AIDS Epidemic, with the general mandate to study the social impact of the epidemic and to recommend how it could be monitored in order to contribute to the formulation of policies that might effectively deal with it.
In the course of its work, the panel, with the agreement of the parent committee and the several federal agencies that were sponsoring its work, modified this mandate and deleted the plan to recommend systems for monitoring.
This report is an unusual undertaking for the National Research Council. Its objective is to form a picture of the effects of the AIDS epidemic on selected social and cultural institutions in the United States and to describe how those institutions have responded to the impact of the epidemic.
No attempt has been made to write a comprehensive history—there are not yet adequate studies of the epidemic upon which to base such an effort. Instead we have been selective in looking at those institutions for which sufficient information is available to describe impact and response.
These descriptions cannot be considered complete and authoritative; but we do believe they suggest a pattern that should be of concern to the country and command the attention of policy makers attempting to deal with the epidemic over the next decade.
Each case has many dimensions—personal, professional, and institutional—through the many social organizations that touch Page 3 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Each set of interactions creates an impact, and the diverse impacts have generated equally diverse responses by individuals, groups, and communities.
The panel set out to study these impacts, and it immediately confronted the problem of defining the terms of reference. Reaching deeper into the language, however, impact has a more powerful meaning—collision.
In this use of the word, an impact is an effect that radically changes the previous state of affairs or even destroys it. After much discussion, the panel adopted a definition of impact that fits somewhere between these two meanings.
Impact of HIV on Society. Print Reference this This paper focuses on the impact – psychosocial, cultural and economic of HIV/AIDS and its related sexual health problems on the individual as well as the community. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then. Essay on The Impact of HIV/AIDS - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal physical condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus damages the human body’s immune system, so that the body cannot protect . Hiv/Aids Essay. Topics: HIV this society remains flawed in that its reaction to disease mirrors that of Medieval Times. Although this a society that can build anything and go anywhere, the basic fears of mankind are almost entirely the same as the dark ages. Describe the impact of HIV/AIDs on individuals, family and the community under.
We adopted this hybrid meaning not only because it more accurately describes the impact of AIDS on contemporary America—social institutions have not been destroyed—but because we quickly realized that social impact does not merely destroy; it evokes a reaction or a response.
It is more organic than physical.
Persons and societies do not merely feel the impact of an event; they remake their lives and institutions to accommodate, negate, or preserve its effects. The task of this panel was to go beyond, to the extent possible to limited human vision, the impression of the extraordinary impacts of AIDS on individual lives and on social institutions.
We have tried to sort out those that will endure in such a way as to force, or to invite, Americans to take them into account in the next decade. This epidemic is not ordinary in one quite specific way: This epidemic is not, like many historical epidemics, an invasion of morbidity and mortality that rapidly sweeps through a population.
It comes and will stay for years, not only in the population, but in the individual people infected, and its presence will often be known to them and to others long before they suffer the disabling, lethal effects.
Similarly, rough estimates can be made of the numbers of people who will begin to experience those disabling, lethal effects years from now. Thus, Americans must think about this epidemic for many years into the future. The institutions we studied appear to have absorbed the impact of AIDS and accommodated to it in a very limited way.
However, even a response that is partial and apparently transitory may mark the beginning of more fundamental change. Several of the institutions we studied may follow this trajectory of limited initial response, followed some years later by very Page 4 Share Cite Suggested Citation: These longer term responses would be interesting to follow, and we hope that researchers will attempt to do so.
However, the panel did not attempt to suggest a methodology for longer term monitoring:Free Essay: Technology is a Benefit to Our Society Over the last century, our world has evolved so much, because of the growth of the technological field.
THE IMPACT OF AIDS ON PEOPLE AND SOCIETIES| REPORT ON THE GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC 04 82 ADDRESSING THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF THE AIDS EPIDEMIC. The impact of AIDS has many dimensions, only a few of which are captured in official statistics or analysis by the research community.
The numbers of AIDS cases and HIV infection count as an impact: cumulatively, they state the effect on the population of the United States and .
the impact of aids This report was prepared by the Population Division as a contribution to the knowledge of the impact of AIDS on population, societies and the economy at large.
Essay on The Impact of HIV/AIDS - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal physical condition that is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The virus damages the human body’s immune system, so that the body cannot protect . Impact of HIV on Society. Print Reference this This paper focuses on the impact – psychosocial, cultural and economic of HIV/AIDS and its related sexual health problems on the individual as well as the community.
If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then.